What is Myocardial Infarction? Myocardial Infarction (MI), also known as a ‘Heart Attack’, can be defined as either the injury or death of the muscular tissue of the heart. Myocardial infarction occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle. Like any other muscle in the […]
Diabetes mellitus (DM), simply put, is a group of metabolic diseases associated with hyperglycaemia – high blood sugar, as a result of either insufficient secretion or inefficient processing of insulin (Kokil, Veedu, Ramm, Prins & Parekh, 2015). In this article we will focus on Type 2 Diabetes, signs and symptoms of the disease, and how […]
Orthopaedics can be described as the branch of medicine concerned with the skeletal system (bones). Furthermore, orthopaedics can be broken down into 2 categories: Orthopaedic conditions such as arthritis or bursitis which affects the musculoskeletal system and are generally more chronic in nature, and Orthopaedic injuries which are often caused by sudden trauma, such as […]
In our previous article we mentioned that prevention is better than the cure BUT what if you are sitting with the problem already? What are the various components of rehabilitation? In general, the ‘process to recovery’ would start with the person seeing their general practitioner (GP), the GP would then refer to a specialist if […]
We often hear of someone who has sprained their ankle, strained a muscle or dislocated a joint. But what do these types of orthopaedic injuries entail? A sprain can be defined as the overstretching or tearing of the ligaments supporting a joint. Ligaments attach bone-to-bone or cartilage-to-bone. A strain on the other hand is the […]
Following on last month’s article, we will continue focusing on the neurological aspect of things. Though in this article we will be looking into neurological injuries and more specifically at brain injuries.
Rehabilitation is the action of restoring someone to health or normal life through training and therapy after illness or trauma. The primary aim of musculoskeletal injury rehabilitation is to restore the person to their full function in the shortest time possible. What does this mean in the scope of Biokinetics? As stated in one of […]
Coronary artery disease Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) continues to be the leading cause of death and a major cause of morbidity and loss of quality of life. It is evident that the growing cause of death and disability in South Africa is CAD – accounting for 10% of total deaths.
What is a Stroke? A stroke is often called a brain attack and should be treated as seriously as a heart attack. A stroke occurs when blood flow to a region of brain is obstructed, resulting in a rapid loss of brain function. Majority of strokes are ischemic, resulting from a thrombosis or embolism. Some […]
Understanding Back Pain and possible treatments Most people experience some form of back pain during the course of their lives. This can be caused by either trauma (injury), or by over- and miss use of muscles. Examples of these are falling and landing badly, car accidents or lifting objects the incorrect way. While malalignment in […]