What is Parkinson’s Disease? Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder and forms part of the hypokinetic movement disorders (lack of movement). It is an Idiopathic (unknown cause), slowly progressive, degenerative Central Nervous System disorder. It most commonly occurs in individuals over the age of 50. The disease is associated with a reduction in dopamine […]
Did you know that muscle tone is genetic and can’t be changed? The muscle tone you are born with is what you will have for the rest of your life. However, low muscle tone in children can be improved through their developing years. What is low muscle tone? First, we must understand what ‘Low muscle […]
What is Myocardial Infarction? Myocardial Infarction (MI), also known as a ‘Heart Attack’, can be defined as either the injury or death of the muscular tissue of the heart. Myocardial infarction occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle. Like any other muscle in the […]
Diabetes mellitus (DM), simply put, is a group of metabolic diseases associated with hyperglycaemia – high blood sugar, as a result of either insufficient secretion or inefficient processing of insulin (Kokil, Veedu, Ramm, Prins & Parekh, 2015). In this article we will focus on Type 2 Diabetes, signs and symptoms of the disease, and how […]
Orthopaedics can be described as the branch of medicine concerned with the skeletal system (bones). Furthermore, orthopaedics can be broken down into 2 categories: Orthopaedic conditions such as arthritis or bursitis which affects the musculoskeletal system and are generally more chronic in nature, and Orthopaedic injuries which are often caused by sudden trauma, such as […]
In our previous article we mentioned that prevention is better than the cure BUT what if you are sitting with the problem already? What are the various components of rehabilitation? In general, the ‘process to recovery’ would start with the person seeing their general practitioner (GP), the GP would then refer to a specialist if […]
We often hear of someone who has sprained their ankle, strained a muscle or dislocated a joint. But what do these types of orthopaedic injuries entail? A sprain can be defined as the overstretching or tearing of the ligaments supporting a joint. Ligaments attach bone-to-bone or cartilage-to-bone. A strain on the other hand is the […]
Following on last month’s article, we will continue focusing on the neurological aspect of things. Though in this article we will be looking into neurological injuries and more specifically at brain injuries.
Rehabilitation is the action of restoring someone to health or normal life through training and therapy after illness or trauma. The primary aim of musculoskeletal injury rehabilitation is to restore the person to their full function in the shortest time possible. What does this mean in the scope of Biokinetics? As stated in one of […]
Coronary artery disease Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) continues to be the leading cause of death and a major cause of morbidity and loss of quality of life. It is evident that the growing cause of death and disability in South Africa is CAD – accounting for 10% of total deaths.